做wap站必须要知道的

林涛 1712℃ 0评论

最近在做wap站,有一些心得并且收集了一些资料,拿来分享一下。

创建wap服务器:

创建Wap服务器非常简单,直接使用Web服务器(IIS或Apache)就可以了,只需进行一些设置就可以搞掂!

IIS服务器设置

1.依次打开”IIS→网站属性→http 头→MIME类型→文件类型→新建”,建立以下MIME类型:
.wml text/vnd.wap.wml
.wmlc application/vnd.wap.wmlc
.wmls text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
.wmlsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
.wbmp image/vnd.wap.wbmp

2.重启IIS服务器

Apache服务器设置

1.Apache安装目录下的conf/mime.types文件增加:
text/vnd.wap.wml .wml
image/vnd.wap.wbmp .wbmp
application/vnd.wap.wmlc .wmlc
text/vnd.wap.wmls .wmls
application/vnd.wap.wmlsc .wmlsc

2.重启Apache服务器

要支持java下载,还要增加下面的MIME类型

.jad text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor
.jar application/java-archive

要支持sis文件下载,还要增加下面的MIME类型

.sis application/vnd.symbian.install

常用文件的MIME类型:

MIME类型就是设定某种扩展名的文件用一种应用程序来打开的方式类型,
当该扩展名文件被访问的时候,浏览器会自动使用指定应用程序来打开。
多用于指定一些客户端自定义的文件名,以及一些媒体文件打开方式。下面列出常用的文件对应的MIME类型:

Mime-Types(mime类型)              Dateiendung(扩展名)             Bedeutung

application/msexcel                   *.xls *.xla                      Microsoft Excel Dateien

application/mshelp                    *.hlp *.chm                      Microsoft Windows Hilfe Dateien

application/mspowerpoint          *.ppt *.ppz *.pps *.pot         Microsoft Powerpoint Dateien

application/msword                   *.doc *.dot                Microsoft Word Dateien

application/octet-stream            *.exe                 exe

application/pdf                         *.pdf                Adobe PDF-Dateien

application/postscript                *.ai *.eps *.ps           Adobe Postscript-Dateien

application/rtf                          *.rtf                  Microsoft RTF-Dateien

application/x-httpd-php             *.php *.phtml           PHP-Dateien

application/x-javascript              *.js                serverseitige JavaScript-Dateien

application/x-shockwave-flash    *.swf *.cab               Flash Shockwave-Dateien

application/zip                         *.zip                 ZIP-Archivdateien

audio/basic                             *.au *.snd                Sound-Dateien

audio/mpeg                            *.mp3                 MPEG-Dateien

audio/x-midi                            *.mid *.midi               MIDI-Dateien

audio/x-mpeg                         *.mp2                MPEG-Dateien

audio/x-wav                           *.wav                 Wav-Dateien

image/gif                               *.gif                 GIF-Dateien

image/jpeg                            *.jpeg *.jpg *.jpe                JPEG-Dateien

image/x-windowdump             *.xwd                X-Windows Dump

text/css                                *.css                CSS Stylesheet-Dateien

text/html                              *.htm *.html *.shtml           -Dateien

text/javascript                       *.js                 JavaScript-Dateien

text/plain                             *.txt                 reine Textdateien

video/mpeg                          *.mpeg *.mpg *.mpe           MPEG-Dateien

video/vnd.rn-realvideo            *.rmvb                 realplay-Dateien

video/quicktime                     *.qt *.mov               Quicktime-Dateien

video/vnd.vivo                       *viv *.vivo                Vivo-Dateien
格式前面为后辍名,后面为对应的MIME型(例如:rar application/x-rar-compressed 表示.RAR对应的是application/x-rar-compressed )
  application/vnd.lotus-1-2-3
  3gp video/3gpp
  aab application/x-authoware-bin
  aam application/x-authoware-map
  aas application/x-authoware-seg
  ai application/postscript
  aif audio/x-aiff
  aifc audio/x-aiff
  aiff audio/x-aiff
  als audio/X-Alpha5
  amc application/x-mpeg
  ani application/octet-stream
  asc text/plain
  asd application/astound
  asf video/x-ms-asf
  asn application/astound
  asp application/x-asap
  asx video/x-ms-asf
  au audio/basic
  avb application/octet-stream
  avi video/x-msvideo
  awb audio/amr-wb
  bcpio application/x-bcpio
  bin application/octet-stream
  bld application/bld
  bld2 application/bld2
  bmp application/x-MS-bmp
  bpk application/octet-stream
  bz2 application/x-bzip2
  cal image/x-cals
  ccn application/x-cnc
  cco application/x-cocoa
  cdf application/x-netcdf
  cgi magnus-internal/cgi
  chat application/x-chat
  class application/octet-stream
  clp application/x-msclip
  cmx application/x-cmx
  co application/x-cult3d-object
  cod image/cis-cod
  cpio application/x-cpio
  cpt application/mac-compactpro
  crd application/x-mscardfile
  csh application/x-csh
  csm chemical/x-csml
  csml chemical/x-csml
  css text/css
  cur application/octet-stream
  dcm x-lml/x-evm
  dcr application/x-director
  dcx image/x-dcx
  dhtml text/html
  dir application/x-director
  dll application/octet-stream
  dmg application/octet-stream
  dms application/octet-stream
  doc application/msword
  dot application/x-dot
  dvi application/x-dvi
  dwf drawing/x-dwf
  dwg application/x-autocad
  dxf application/x-autocad
  dxr application/x-director
  ebk application/x-expandedbook
  emb chemical/x-embl-dl-nucleotide
  embl chemical/x-embl-dl-nucleotide
  eps application/postscript
  eri image/x-eri
  es audio/echospeech
  esl audio/echospeech
  etc application/x-earthtime
  etx text/x-setext
  evm x-lml/x-evm
  evy application/x-envoy
  exe application/octet-stream
  fh4 image/x-freehand
  fh5 image/x-freehand
  fhc image/x-freehand
  fif image/fif
  fm application/x-maker
  fpx image/x-fpx
  fvi video/isivideo
  gau chemical/x-gaussian-input
  gca application/x-gca-compressed
  gdb x-lml/x-gdb
  gif image/gif
  gps application/x-gps
  gtar application/x-gtar
  gz application/x-gzip
  hdf application/x-hdf
  hdm text/x-hdml
  hdml text/x-hdml
  hlp application/winhlp
  hqx application/mac-binhex40
  htm text/html
  html text/html
  hts text/html
  ice x-conference/x-cooltalk
  ico application/octet-stream
  ief image/ief
  ifm image/gif
  ifs image/ifs
  imy audio/melody
  ins application/x-NET-Install
  ips application/x-ipscript
  ipx application/x-ipix
  it audio/x-mod
  itz audio/x-mod
  ivr i-world/i-vrml
  j2k image/j2k
  jad text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor
  jam application/x-jam
  jar application/java-archive
  jnlp application/x-java-jnlp-file
  jpe image/jpeg
  jpeg image/jpeg
  jpg image/jpeg
  jpz image/jpeg
  js application/x-javascript
  jwc application/jwc
  kjx application/x-kjx
  lak x-lml/x-lak
  latex application/x-latex
  lcc application/fastman
  lcl application/x-digitalloca
  lcr application/x-digitalloca
  lgh application/lgh
  lha application/octet-stream
  lml x-lml/x-lml
  lmlpack x-lml/x-lmlpack
  lsf video/x-ms-asf
  lsx video/x-ms-asf
  lzh application/x-lzh
  m13 application/x-msmediaview
  m14 application/x-msmediaview
  m15 audio/x-mod
  m3u audio/x-mpegurl
  m3url audio/x-mpegurl
  ma1 audio/ma1
  ma2 audio/ma2
  ma3 audio/ma3
  ma5 audio/ma5
  man application/x-troff-man
  map magnus-internal/imagemap
  mbd application/mbedlet
  mct application/x-mascot
  mdb application/x-msaccess
  mdz audio/x-mod
  me application/x-troff-me
  mel text/x-vmel
  mi application/x-mif
  mid audio/midi
  midi audio/midi
  mif application/x-mif
  mil image/x-cals
  mio audio/x-mio
  mmf application/x-skt-lbs
  mng video/x-mng
  mny application/x-msmoney
  moc application/x-mocha
  mocha application/x-mocha
  mod audio/x-mod
  mof application/x-yumekara
  mol chemical/x-mdl-molfile
  mop chemical/x-mopac-input
  mov video/quicktime
  movie video/x-sgi-movie
  mp2 audio/x-mpeg
  mp3 audio/x-mpeg
  mp4 video/mp4
  mpc application/vnd.mpohun.certificate
  mpe video/mpeg
  mpeg video/mpeg
  mpg video/mpeg
  mpg4 video/mp4
  mpga audio/mpeg
  mpn application/vnd.mophun.application
  mpp application/vnd.ms-project
  mps application/x-mapserver
  mrl text/x-mrml
  mrm application/x-mrm
  ms application/x-troff-ms
  mts application/metastream
  mtx application/metastream
  mtz application/metastream
  mzv application/metastream
  nar application/zip
  nbmp image/nbmp
  nc application/x-netcdf
  ndb x-lml/x-ndb
  ndwn application/ndwn
  nif application/x-nif
  nmz application/x-scream
  nokia-op-logo image/vnd.nok-oplogo-color
  npx application/x-netfpx
  nsnd audio/nsnd
  nva application/x-neva1
  oda application/oda
  oom application/x-AtlasMate-Plugin
  pac audio/x-pac
  pae audio/x-epac
  pan application/x-pan
  pbm image/x-portable-bitmap
  pcx image/x-pcx
  pda image/x-pda
  pdb chemical/x-pdb
  pdf application/pdf
  pfr application/font-tdpfr
  pgm image/x-portable-graymap
  pict image/x-pict
  pm application/x-perl
  pmd application/x-pmd
  png image/png
  pnm image/x-portable-anymap
  pnz image/png
  pot application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
  ppm image/x-portable-pixmap
  pps application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
  ppt application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
  pqf application/x-cprplayer
  pqi application/cprplayer
  prc application/x-prc
  proxy application/x-ns-proxy-autoconfig
  ps application/postscript
  ptlk application/listenup
  pub application/x-mspublisher
  pvx video/x-pv-pvx
  qcp audio/vnd.qcelp
  qt video/quicktime
  qti image/x-quicktime
  qtif image/x-quicktime
  r3t text/vnd.rn-realtext3d
  ra audio/x-pn-realaudio
  ram audio/x-pn-realaudio
  rar application/x-rar-compressed
  ras image/x-cmu-raster
  rdf application/rdf+xml
  rf image/vnd.rn-realflash
  rgb image/x-rgb
  rlf application/x-richlink
  rm audio/x-pn-realaudio
  rmf audio/x-rmf
  rmm audio/x-pn-realaudio
  rmvb audio/x-pn-realaudio
  rnx application/vnd.rn-realplayer
  roff application/x-troff
  rp image/vnd.rn-realpix
  rpm audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin
  rt text/vnd.rn-realtext
  rte x-lml/x-gps
  rtf application/rtf
  rtg application/metastream
  rtx text/richtext
  rv video/vnd.rn-realvideo
  rwc application/x-rogerwilco
  s3m audio/x-mod
  s3z audio/x-mod
  sca application/x-supercard
  scd application/x-msschedule
  sdf application/e-score
  sea application/x-stuffit
  sgm text/x-sgml
  sgml text/x-sgml
  sh application/x-sh
  shar application/x-shar
  shtml magnus-internal/parsed-html
  shw application/presentations
  si6 image/si6
  si7 image/vnd.stiwap.sis
  si9 image/vnd.lgtwap.sis
  sis application/vnd.symbian.install
  sit application/x-stuffit
  skd application/x-Koan
  skm application/x-Koan
  skp application/x-Koan
  skt application/x-Koan
  slc application/x-salsa
  smd audio/x-smd
  smi application/smil
  smil application/smil
  smp application/studiom
  smz audio/x-smd
  snd audio/basic
  spc text/x-speech
  spl application/futuresplash
  spr application/x-sprite
  sprite application/x-sprite
  spt application/x-spt
  src application/x-wais-source
  stk application/hyperstudio
  stm audio/x-mod
  sv4cpio application/x-sv4cpio
  sv4crc application/x-sv4crc
  svf image/vnd
  svg image/svg-xml
  svh image/svh
  svr x-world/x-svr
  swf application/x-shockwave-flash
  swfl application/x-shockwave-flash
  t application/x-troff
  tad application/octet-stream
  talk text/x-speech
  tar application/x-tar
  taz application/x-tar
  tbp application/x-timbuktu
  tbt application/x-timbuktu
  tcl application/x-tcl
  tex application/x-tex
  texi application/x-texinfo
  texinfo application/x-texinfo
  tgz application/x-tar
  thm application/vnd.eri.thm
  tif image/tiff
  tiff image/tiff
  tki application/x-tkined
  tkined application/x-tkined
  toc application/toc
  toy image/toy
  tr application/x-troff
  trk x-lml/x-gps
  trm application/x-msterminal
  tsi audio/tsplayer
  tsp application/dsptype
  tsv text/tab-separated-values
  tsv text/tab-separated-values
  ttf application/octet-stream
  ttz application/t-time
  txt text/plain
  ult audio/x-mod
  ustar application/x-ustar
  uu application/x-uuencode
  uue application/x-uuencode
  vcd application/x-cdlink
  vcf text/x-vcard
  vdo video/vdo
  vib audio/vib
  viv video/vivo
  vivo video/vivo
  vmd application/vocaltec-media-desc
  vmf application/vocaltec-media-file
  vmi application/x-dreamcast-vms-info
  vms application/x-dreamcast-vms
  vox audio/voxware
  vqe audio/x-twinvq-plugin
  vqf audio/x-twinvq
  vql audio/x-twinvq
  vre x-world/x-vream
  vrml x-world/x-vrml
  vrt x-world/x-vrt
  vrw x-world/x-vream
  vts workbook/formulaone
  wav audio/x-wav
  wax audio/x-ms-wax
  wbmp image/vnd.wap.wbmp
  web application/vnd.xara
  wi image/wavelet
  wis application/x-InstallShield
  wm video/x-ms-wm
  wma audio/x-ms-wma
  wmd application/x-ms-wmd
  wmf application/x-msmetafile
  wml text/vnd.wap.wml
  wmlc application/vnd.wap.wmlc
  wmls text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
  wmlsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
  wmlscript text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
  wmv audio/x-ms-wmv
  wmx video/x-ms-wmx
  wmz application/x-ms-wmz
  wpng image/x-up-wpng
  wpt x-lml/x-gps
  wri application/x-mswrite
  wrl x-world/x-vrml
  wrz x-world/x-vrml
  ws text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
  wsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
  wv video/wavelet
  wvx video/x-ms-wvx
  wxl application/x-wxl
  x-gzip application/x-gzip
  xar application/vnd.xara
  xbm image/x-xbitmap
  xdm application/x-xdma
  xdma application/x-xdma
  xdw application/vnd.fujixerox.docuworks
  xht application/xhtml+xml
  xhtm application/xhtml+xml
  xhtml application/xhtml+xml
  xla application/vnd.ms-excel
  xlc application/vnd.ms-excel
  xll application/x-excel
  xlm application/vnd.ms-excel
  xls application/vnd.ms-excel
  xlt application/vnd.ms-excel
  xlw application/vnd.ms-excel
  xm audio/x-mod
  xml text/xml
  xmz audio/x-mod
  xpi application/x-xpinstall
  xpm image/x-xpixmap
  xsit text/xml
  xsl text/xml
  xul text/xul
  xwd image/x-xwindowdump
  xyz chemical/x-pdb
  yz1 application/x-yz1
  z application/x-compress
  zac application/x-zaurus-zac
  zip application/zip
图片格式
扩展名 MIME类型
gif牋 image/gif
jpg牋 image/jpeg
png牋 image/png
wbmp牋 image/vnd.wap.wbmp
jpeg牋 image/jpeg

铃声格式牋
扩展名 MIME类型
mid牋 audio/midi
midi牋 audio/midi
rmf牋 audio/x-rmf
mp3牋 audio/mpeg
amr牋 audio/amr
wma牋 audio/x-ms-wma
imy牋 audio/melody
m3u牋 audio/x-mpegurl
mmf牋 application/x-smaf

视频格式牋
扩展名 MIME类型
3gp牋 video/3gpp
mp4牋 video/mp4
mpg4牋 video/mp4
rm牋 audio/x-pn-realaudio
avi牋 video/x-msvideo

软件格式牋
扩展名 MIME类型
jar牋 application/java-archive
jad牋 text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor
umd牋 application/umd
sis牋 application/vnd.symbian.install
mtf牋 application/mtf
asp牋 application/x-asap
txt牋 text/plain
thm牋 application/vnd.eri.thm
其实,这些格式管理员都可以自己添加的,系统会自动生成MIME头,当然可能会有一些稀少的文件格式,还需要检测后才能获得它们的MIME格式,一般通用的系统都可以自动生成。
支持java下载:在iis中需要添加
.jad text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor
.jar application/java-archive
支持sis文件下载:在iis中需要添加
.sis application/vnd.symbian.install
另外你还可以这样设:
下载型WAP服务器
——————————–
.amr audio/amr
.pmdaudio/pmd
.3gp video/3gpp
.cab application/vnd.smartpohone
.gif image/gif
.hme application/vnd.smartphone.thm
.jad text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor
.jar application/java-archive
.jpg image/jpeg
.mid audio/midi
.mp3 audio/x-mpeg
.mp4 video/mp4
.ogg application/ogg
.pdb application/ebook
.rm video/rm
.rng application/vnd.nokia.ringing-tone
.sdt application/vnd.sie.thm
.sis application/vnd.symbian.install
.thm application/vnd.eri.thm
.tsk application/vnd.ppc.thm
.umd application/umd
.utz application/vnd.uiq.thm
.wav audio/x-wav
.wbmp image/vnd.wap.wbmp
.wml text/vnd.wap.wml
.wmlc application/vnd.wap.wmlc
.wmls text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
.wmlsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
.wmv video/x-ms-wmv
.wsc application/vnd.wap/wmlscriptc

——————————————————————–
一般WAP服务器
.wbmp image/vnd.wap.wbmp
.wml text/vnd.wap.wml
.wmlc application/vnd.wap.wmlc
.wmls text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
.wmlsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
.wmv video/x-ms-wmv
.wsc application/vnd.wap/wmlscriptc
.gif image/gif
.jpg image/jpeg
.bmp image/bmp

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